Saudi Arabia is a desert country encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian (Arabian) Gulf coastlines. Known as the birthplace of Islam, it’s home to the religion’s 2 most sacred mosques: Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, destination of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, and Medina’s Masjid an-Nabawi, burial site of the prophet Muhammad. Riyadh, the capital, is a skyscraper-filled metropolis.
Population: 28.83 million (2013) World Bank
Currency: Saudi riyal
King: Salman of Saudi Arabia
GDP per capita: 25,961.81 USD (2013) World Bank
Neighboring countries: Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq, Oman, Jordan, Bahrain
The expat population is very high in Saudi Arabia, with approx. 5.7million individuals working in Saudi Arabia.